The Montessori Model:
Children have choices within the classroom and are given “freedom with limits”:
- Child has choices regarding work; the teacher guides, as needed, to assist the student in making appropriate choices.
- Child has choices regarding where to work and can move around and talk as long as others are not disturbed.
- Child has choices about how long to work on specific activity or project.
Discipline is designed to develop children who are self-correcting:
- Expectations based on mutual respect; children are involved in setting expectations
- Teachers set limits and offer choices to children within those limits
- Children experience the consequences of their actions, promoting responsibility and accountability
- Children make good and poor choices; poor choices are viewed as an opportunity to develop the child’s problem-solving skills
Teacher makes most of the decisions in the classroom:
- Teacher chooses work for the child.
- Children typically are assigned seats at desks or tables. Children are encouraged to sit still and listen; movement is discourages
- Teacher decides how much time is spent on each activity.
Discipline is designed to control the behavior of children:
- Teacher sets rules and enforces them.
- Rules are reinforced by rewards and punishments.